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Hikkaduwa National Park

Hikkaduwa, South Coast, Sri Lanka.
Location : Hikkaduwa
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Overview
Hikkaduwa is the first Marine Protected Area in Sri Lanka and a prominent tourist’s destination lies 98 km from Colombo towards the south coast of the island. It is particularly renowned for its golden sandy beaches and the corals. National park envelops an area of 104 hectares. The park was designated as a wildlife sanctuary in 1979, and upgraded to a nature reserve in 1988 along with extended land area. The reef was declared a national park in 2002, with the intention of deducting the impact on this ecosystem by human activities.

The shallow fringing reef at Hikkaduwa is a distinctive feature found in reef systems along the southern coast of Sri Lanka. Although the reef is rather small, it contains high biodiversity. The coral reef plays a key role in reducing the coastal erosion and forming a natural breakwater. It lies in a depth of around 5 metres. The reef is dominated by Foliaceous coral species called Montipora, where as inshore areas of the reef are conquered by massive colonies of Faviidae and Poritidae corals.   Encrusting and branching species are also occurs. Staghorn, Elkhorn, Cabbage, Brain, Table and Star corals too found in the reef.60 Coral species and over 170 reef fish species are recorded from the reef.
Marine algae and sea grasses represent the flora in Hikkaduwa whilefaunal communication consists of crabs, prawns, shrimps, oysters , sea worms, ornamental fishes and also the endangered marine turtles, namely Hawksbill turtle, Green turtle, and Olive Ridley who visits the reef.

Moreover you could mingle with the beauty of this marine paradise via snorkeling, diving, surfing and coral viewing through glass bottom boats. The best season for surfing is the dry season that lasts from November to March.
 
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